Wednesday, November 27, 2019
An Assessment of Whether Napoleon Bonaparte or Louis Napoleon Had More Significant Reforms in France Both Napoleon Bonaparte and his nephew Louis Napoleon Bonaparte were important rulers of France. They ruled with great power and control, they implemented many sweeping reforms and laws that greatly changed the course of French and European life. Napoleon Bonaparte and Louis Napoleon, also referred to as Napoleon III, each directed France through many reforms under their rule. However, the leader with the more significant reforms and impact on France was Napoleon III. Napoleon III had longer lasting reforms in the likes of rebuilding and modernizing Paris, constructing the French railway and heading a strong French foreign policy that included the unification of Italy. He also led France through a period of prosperity and industrialization. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was elected the president of France at age 40, and capped a quite remarkable, and unlikely rise to power. (Cavendish, 1998, para. 1). Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, named after his uncle Napoleon I, had never held a government position, nor had he even shown any sort of political capability, he rose to power solely through widespread support in France that he was the rightful heir to Napoleon I. (Cavendish, 1998, para. 1,2). In essence, Louis Napoleon rode into control of France on the coattails of his uncle and then he took his uncle?s rule and furthered the reforms and French power. Louis Napoleon campaigned that he would return France back to the glory that they had once had under the first Napoleon, and that he, as a ruler, was destined to bring France once again to the top of Europe. (Cavendish, 1998, para. 5). His strategy successfully swept him into the office of President of France?s Second Republic. The Professional Politicians in France couldn?t believe that Louis Napoleon had won, and they were even more shocked when he did away with them. But this didn?t satisfy the ambitious ruler and he quickly took advantage of an economic slump in 1851 and posed himself to be the man that the French needed, not as president but as emperor. (Cavendish, 1998, final paragraph). Louis Napoleon Bonaparte can now be called Napoleon III, for in 1852 he declared himself the perfect fit for the job to keep France from collapse and socialism, the Emperor of the second French Empire. (Cavendish, 1998, final paragraph). The citizens of France, so scared of anarchy, and still believing in the ?Napoleonic Ideals? that Napoleon I had left behind, overwhelmingly accepted Louis Napoleon as their new Emperor. The new parliamentary constitution that Napoleon III set up gave him the executive powers; it allowed him to nominate the members of the law-making council of state and the senate. (?France History-Se cond French Empire? n.d., para. 1). Now that Louis-Napoleon had full control of France, he could freely implement actions and reforms that he couldn?t have easily achieved as President. One of Napoleon?s keen interests was in architecture, and it was his desire to make Paris a new modern city that ultimately turned Paris from an overcrowding, ancient, disease-ridden cluster of districts into the thriving beauty it is today. (Kirkman, 2007, para. 2). Napoleon?s interest was the foundation that would produce the plans for a rebuilding of Paris?s streets, its sewers, and all other aspects of urban planning. It would change the sight of Paris to something unlike anyone had seen. (Kirkman, 2007, para. 2). For hundreds of years, certain areas hadn?t been improved, and the daunting task of a renewal of Paris was laid on Baron Haussmann. Haussmann was a big time planner and was an advocate for beautiful sights, perfect balance and exactness. (?Paris? pg. 18). Haussmann?s desire of linear symmetry surfaced in his first step, wh ich was to put Paris on a grid. He added streets to Paris that ran east and west, and north and south. These new streets were also wider, allowing for more public safety and safer traffic engineering. (Kirkman, 2007, para. 4). The rapid population growth mixed with fierce industrialization made some changes to Paris an absolute necessity. An example of this was shown in the growing demand for water closets, which directly led to the need to funnel the human waste effectively into the sewers.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Why New England Lacked Diversity essays Every human has their own preferences to their living environments and their own level of flexibility when it comes to adapting to a certain environment, or country. There can be many various reasons for a citizen who was born and raised in a country to move from there to a different one. Some of the main and most common causes could be the lack of food or nutrition that the people there are receiving. Oppression and oppressive governments are very popular causes for leaving a country. Some citizens leave because their government is not caring enough and not doing enough to help the people of that country. It could also be the opposite of that, and how governments are doing too much and the citizens cannot make their own choices and do not have freedom for themselves, which can also be known as communism. Opportunity is something that a lot of natives from various countries would do anything for and is an extremely common reason for natives to give up their country for another. Food or nutrition for people is a basic life need and necessity. The lack of food in a country, especially over time is life threatening. When your life may depend on leaving your native country to find nutrients for your body, youre basically forced to leave, not only to keep yourself alive, but also for the lives of your family members. An example of this would be the potato famine that occurred from 1845 to 1850 in the country of Ireland. During that tragedy 1.5 million Ireland natives left to come to America. Since that famine caused 1 million deaths it was an excellent idea to leave Ireland. Not only do natives of a country leave because their forced to from the lack of nutrition, but they can also leave for the purpose of buying specialties such as needed spices that serve as several different uses. The Europeans traveled around the world just to get their hands on various and unique types of spices. Oppression is a serious and depres...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Reading Response of FanShen - Essay Example It appears off as somehow a culture shock being that he is Chinese - Chinese culture way of writing is more focused on a descriptive style, while often including words like Ã¢â¬ËweÃ¢â¬â¢ as opposed to Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢. When examining ShenÃ¢â¬â¢s past experience in writing Chinese, he outlines, the expression Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢ to always be associated with another Ã¢â¬Å"unfortunate expressionÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"individualismÃ¢â¬ , which is regarded as a synonym to the word selfishness in Chinese. China categorically emphasizes on their culture collectively as a whole, and the individualism concept is considered ethically immoral. It is considered immodest and disrespectful to use the expression Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢ since that is a labeled word for one person. The culture believes that using Ã¢â¬ËweÃ¢â¬â¢ means including everyone, while the American culture context emphases intensely and enthusiastically on Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢, promote individualism. A claim of solitary expression as o pposed to Chinese collectivity expression. Because of Chinese emphasis on collective expression and modesty in linguistics, can they be branded as a more unified culture than the American society? The concept prompts the question of whether if America upheld her values and cultural morals more, the result would be an awarer and more tolerant nation1. The American culture privileges acknowledgment of Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ at the level of expression and ideology. The culture views the use of Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ as a norm. It is used as a way of expressing selfness a view that purposefully promotes individualism. Contrarily, the Chinese culture does not conform to the use of Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ as a means of self-expression rather views it as individualistic and self-centered. To some extent, it is agreeable that the Chinese perception promotes cohesiveness among cultural members as they tend to identify with each other as a Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬ 2. As a younger student, my writing sequence was more based on the fast delivery of critical issues when writing. There was no sequential buildup of ideas rather